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FAANG Stocks: Definition and Companies Involved

what is faang

It’s hard to talk about the general stock market without mentioning one or more FAANG stocks. The tech giants make up a sizable portion of the S&P 500 index, which means many investors already have at least some exposure to them. Because of the heavy weighting of FAANG stocks in indexes such as the S&P 500, it’s worthwhile for investors to learn a bit more about them. Meta is the largest social media company in the world, operating four of the five most widely used social media platforms, including Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp and Messenger. Over the past decade, FAANG stocks have produced returns that are much higher than the benchmark indices, including S&P-500 and the tech-heavy NASDAQ-100. This was definitely the case in the most recent quarter, with sales growing at 11% to $134.2 billion.

In 2022, Alphabet holds a dominant share of the online advertising market, but the growth segments that attracted investors for so many years have started to slow. In the third quarter, Alphabet reported just 6% total revenue growth, down from 41% a year ago. YouTube ad revenue, which was up 43% a year ago, was down 3% in the quarter. Fortunately, Google Cloud revenue is still growing at an impressive 38% year-over-year clip. Apple’s main strength is its ubiquitous iPhone which makes up the major portion of its sales. Apple made about $366 billion in total revenue in the financial year that ended on Sept. 30, 2021, with iPhones making up about 33% of the total sales.

The company now also focuses on higher-margin subscription services, including music and video streaming, gaming, news, and cloud storage. The upcoming launch of its new spatial computing headset, Vision Pro, could set off the transition to the next major computing platform. However, the later inclusion of Apple — primarily a consumer hardware manufacturer — made FAANG a broader group of technology stocks. The inclusion of Microsoft in MAMAA cements the mega-cap tech focus instead of the internet focus of the original group.

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  3. That’s especially true now that most discount brokers charge no commissions and allow fractional share purchases.
  4. However, its metaverse-focused business, Reality Labs, has lost more than $21 billion since the beginning of 2022.
  5. FAANG companies’ dominance in major US indices is likely to remain unchallenged for many years to come.
  6. “Stocks that have traded at excessive valuations have to be re-priced, and that is what 2022 has largely been about,” says David Bahnsen, chief investment officer at The Bahnsen Group.

That’s especially true now that most discount brokers charge no commissions and allow fractional share purchases. The company also operates a gaming segment led by Xbox and Activision Blizzard and an advertising business across its search engine, web portal, and LinkedIn social network. While FAANG stocks have proven to be a good bet for investors, there are other mega-cap stocks that deserve to be a part of the coveted list. For the past three quarters, the company has reported declining sales – the longest stretch since 2016. The company continues to add features to its Bard chatbot and integrate its generative AI technologies across its other  apps. The fact is that Alphabet has some big-time advantages like its thousands of talented engineers and massive troves of data.

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Some of the company initials that make up the acronym are no longer correct. Google’s parent company changed its name to Alphabet in October 2015, although it still trades under the ticker symbols GOOG and GOOGL. Learn to make money by investing in internet of things companies.

what is faang

We believe everyone should be able to make financial decisions with confidence. Microsoft is not a FAANG stock, which is why there is no “M” in the acronym. FAANG stocks were meant to describe hot, new high-growth tech companies of the 2010s. The percentage of the S&P 500 market cap comprising FAANG stocks varies, but as of late 2023, it was close to 20%. If you substituted Microsoft for Netflix, it would be closer to 26%. That figure shows how influential FAANG stocks are on the market, as these are just five of the 500 stocks in the broad-market index, but their weight on the index is roughly 25 times that.

Why Is Microsoft Not in FAANG? Copied Copy To Clipboard

Google has been the market leader in online advertising for well over a decade and is expected to command nearly a 29% share of digital ad spending globally in 2021, according to eMarketer. While the FAANG stocks are fairly mature companies, they still seem to have a great capacity for growth. And the fact that they account for roughly 15% of the S&P 500, a bellwether for the entire stock market, means their performance often heralds trends in the US economy as a whole.

Investors disagree about whether the FAANG stocks are overvalued. Their proponents will argue that their valuations are justified based on their fundamental strength as businesses. But critics argue that, even with impressive business performance, the FAANG stocks’ prices have become so expensive that it may be difficult to realize attractive long-term profits from investing in them. Ultimately, this “debate” between investors is best captured by the buying and selling patterns in the FAANG stocks themselves.

While Netflix’s market cap has tumbled to just $130 billion, software and cloud services giant Microsoft (MSFT) has grown to a more than $1 trillion valuation. These corporations — all American, but with a global presence — are not only household names, they’re financial behemoths. The blue-chip stocks of the tech sector, they collectively make up 15% of the Standard & Poor’s 500 (an index of the largest public companies in the US). So they represent not only one of the US’ most significant industries, but a sizable chunk of the US stock market itself. Revenue growth rates among most large-cap tech stocks have started to slow, and rising interest rates have driven investors out of risk assets. Higher interest rates also tend to hurt the discounted cash flow valuation of growth stocks because higher rates decrease the value of future cash flows.

Since the S&P 500 is a broad representation of the market, the movement of the market mirrors the index’s movement. As of August 2021, the FAANGs make up about 19% of the S&P 500—a staggering figure considering the S&P 500 is generally viewed as a proxy for the United States economy as a whole. Their substantial growth has been buoyed recently by high-profile purchases made by large and influential investors such as Berkshire Hathaway (BRK), Soros Fund Management, and Renaissance Technologies. These are just a few of the many large investors who have added FAANG stocks to their portfolios because of their perceived strength, growth, or momentum. With such a small index, investors may be better off building their own portfolio of FAANG or MAMAA stocks and avoiding the ETN expenses.

“The most interesting FAANG stocks are likely going be those with the best strategies for deploying, integrating and, ultimately, monetizing AI.” Profit and prosper with the best of expert advice on investing, taxes, retirement, personal finance and more – straight to your e-mail. Of course, consumers are familiar with Apple and Alphabet for their phones and search service, respectively. If you had put $10,000 into Netflix at the start of 2012, you’d have about 29 times that amount of money at the end of 2022 – a truly incredible return. And the annualized returns are about as good as you can find in the market.

Alphabet Inc. (GOOGL, GOOG)

Tech stocks are now the go-tos if you want capital appreciation in your assets — and be in on the next big thing. Cramer’s original term was just FANG — it didn’t initially include Apple. The company joined the ranks in 2017, reflecting the growth of internet services (iCloud, Apple Music, Apple Pay) to its revenues. Cramer has proposed excluding Netflix from the group because it has not kept up with the others in terms of growth. That’s less than one-third of the market cap of Meta, the next smallest FAANG stock, and less than one-tenth of the market cap of the other three FAANG stocks (all have trillion-dollar market caps). At the end of 2014, the FAANG stocks accounted for about 7.4% of the market capitalization of the S&P 500.

Are FAANG Stocks Hard to Acquire?

However, Apple’s Services revenue has grown to 21.2% of its total revenue, and many Wall Street analysts see Services sales as more consistent and higher quality than hardware sales. If you follow the financial or business news, you may have seen or heard the term FAANG thrown around. It’s an acronym that stands for five big companies — some might say the big companies — in the high-tech industry. Regardless of whether you buy one of those ETFs or the FAANG or FAAMG stocks themselves, the first step is to open a brokerage account so you can easily buy and sell tech stocks online. On the other hand, those who believe in the fundamental strength of the FAANG stocks have abundant evidence for this claim. For example, Facebook is the world’s largest social network with approximately 2.8 billion users.

Our estimates are based on past market performance, and past performance is not a guarantee of future performance. When Cramer first coined the term FANG back in 2013, Facebook’s market cap was just $65 billion and the company was less than a year removed from its initial public offering (IPO) in May 2012. In the years that followed, Facebook grew from an unprofitable social media platform to a multi-platform online advertising behemoth. FAANG stocks have done well over the last several years, often beating the standard indexes. They also led the stock market’s rebound during the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020. While historical growth isn’t a clear predictor of future growth, it does appear these tech stocks will continue to have a broad influence over the market in general, given their substantial presence in the S&P 500.

Tech stocks have been among the top-performing investments over the past two decades, but the tech rally has hit a wall in 2022. If all of those are good, I’d say [big tech stocks] are on sale,” she says. The FAANG stocks grew rapidly during the mid- to late 2010s, becoming increasingly influential over the stock market.

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